The Journal of Plant Science Research - A UGC Care-Listed Journal

Published in Association with Forum For the Promotion of Plant Science Research

Current Volume: 39 (2023 )

ISSN: 0970-2539

e-ISSN: 0976-3880

Periodicity: Tri-annual

Month(s) of Publication: April, August & December

Subject: Botany

DOI: 10.32381/JPSR

Online Access is Free for Life Member


The Journal of Plant Science Research is a reputed peer reviewed International Journal which is published Tri-Annual. This Journal disseminates knowledge in all related fields of Plant Science Research such as Plant Physiology, Agriculture, Bio-Chemistry and Botany. It imparts the latest advances in the field of biotechnology and genetic engineering which is proved beneficial for the upcoming Geneticists, Plant Physiologists, Botanists, Biochemists and Biotechnologists. It regularly supplies the latest information on researchers, education, publication, and projects on Plant Science at national and international levels.

A UGC Care-Listed Journal
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
Genamics (JournalSeek)
Indian Citation Index (ICI)


Prof. Ashwani Kumar

University of Rajasthan,

Dr. P. C. Trivedi

Formerly Vice-Chancellor,
Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur
M.D.S. University, Ajmer
DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur
Dr. R.M.L. Avadh University, Faizabad
Maharaja Ganga Singh University, Bikaner, Rajasthan
Former Head, Botany and Biotechnology, 
University of Rajasthan, Jaipur

Vice President
Dr. Rakesh Pandey

CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP)

Founder Chief Editor
Late Prof. C P Malik

FNA, Noida

Editorial Board
Dr. Krishnendu Mukherjee

Senior Scientist, Nuenster 48149, 

Prof. Shinjiro Ogita

Prefectural, University of Hiroshima
Hiroshima, Japan

Prof. Yuan-Yeu Yau

Northeastern State University,
Broken Arrow,
Oklahoma, USA

Prof. H N Verma

JNU, Jaipur

Volume 39 Issue 1 , (Jan-2023 to Apr-2023)

Characterization, Screening and Application of Rhizobial Isolates on Black Gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] Productivity from the Rhizosphere Soil of DibruSaikhowa Biosphere Reserve (DSBR) Forest of Assam, India

By: Kumud Das , Apurba Saikia , Soneswar Sarma

Page No : 1-15

An experiment was conducted with efficient Rhizobial isolates from the rhizosphere soil of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve (DSBR) forest of Assam, India in both laboratory and field condition with black gram. The purification, authentication, characterization and screening of efficient isolates viz. MDB1 (Microbial Diversity Bacteria), MDB9 , MDB11, MDB12 and MDB15 have been done in vitro experiment in Gibson


Price: 251

Evaluation of Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Seed Germination Potential of Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles from Bark Extract of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb

By: Sumita Nair , Neeraja Tutakne

Page No : 17-28

Nanotechnology, an emerging scientific domain promises potential applications in varied sectors. Currently, research in nanotechnology focuses on the optimization of nanoparticle synthesis. Green synthesis of nanoparticles is an economic and non-toxic alternative to conventional methods. In the present study, aqueous bark extract of Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. was used for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). UV-Visible Spectroscopy confirmed the presence of AgNPs with an absorption Surface Plasmon peak at 450nm. Biosynthesized AgNPs and bark extract were investigated using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) for determining the functional groups in phytochemicals that act as reducing and capping agents in the synthesis process. High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) analysis denotes that AgNPs were predominantly spherical, with an average size of 18.84


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Anthocyanins as Natural Plant-derived Antifungal Agents

By: Nirmalkar Vaishali , Ansari Shahana , Shaikh Asfiya , Momin Naziya

Page No : 29-38

Anthocyanins are polyphenolic compounds found as natural pigments in various parts of plants that share the same diphenyl propane skeleton (C6 C3 C6 ) and are collectively known as flavonoids. They are water-soluble pigments responsible for the blue, purple, and red color of various plant parts and are particularly abundant in fruits, flowers, and vegetables. These pigments are natural colorants that are low to non-toxic. They also show antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, and food preservative properties. This study aims to perform in vitro analysis of the antifungal activity of anthocyanins extracted from different plant materials. Anthocyanins were extracted in acetone and acidified methanol. For qualitative determination of anthocyanins, thin layer chromatography was used whereas for quantitative determination pH differential method was used. The antifungal potential of anthocyanins was determined using the MIC and agar well diffusion methods against Penicillium sp. and Aspergillus sp. Acetone extract exhibited higher antifungal potential compared to acidified methanol extract against both fungal strains. It is suggested that anthocyanins, being strong antifungal agents, can be used to prevent fungal spoilage and deterioration of processed foods.

Authors :
Nirmalkar Vaishali, Ansari Shahana, Shaikh Asfiya and Momin Naziya

K.M.E Society


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Macrofungi in Some Areas of Borail Reserve Forest of Dima Hasao District, Assam

By: Mairingdi Jarambusa , Pradip Kumar Baruah

Page No : 39-48

Macrofungi are ecologically resourceful group of organisms exists in every possible ecosystem. Borail Reserve Forest of Dima Hasao district, Assam is endowed with typical Sub tropical monsoon climate which provide adequate habitat for the growth and development of various types of vegetation as well as diverse species of macrofungi. The study attempts to assess the macrofungal diversity in certain areas of Borail Reserve Forest as it is yet to explore. The investigation was conducted in the year 2021 (June-December). Sampling was done using quadrat method each measuring 100


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Isolation and Biochemical Characterization of Endophytic Bacteria Associated with Roots of Salvadora oleoides

By: Ritu Kumari , Neelam Poonar , Shweta Sharma , Anita Yadav , Sangeeta Kumari , Neetu Poonar

Page No : 49-56

The reduction of plant diseases by the use of plant associated microbes is being increased nowadays. Microorganisms which are isolated from surface sterilized plant tissues and which have no negative impact on plant growth are called as endophytic microbes. In the present investigation, sampling of the Salvadora oleoides was done from 6 different sites of Rajasthan state. Endophytes associated with these plants were isolated and cultured. Then those were identified by biochemical and culture techniques. Results of our investigations confirmed the presence of Pseudomonas syringae in all the isolates.

Authors :
Ritu Kumari, Neelam Poonar, Shweta Sharma, Anita Yadav and Sangeeta Kumari
Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Neetu Poonar :


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Sacred Groves: A Novice Idea for Carbon Sequestration

By: Alpesh Malsatar , PK Mehta

Page No : 57-66

The daily anthropogenic advancements of humans have led to an increase in global carbon emissions. Every year, there has been an increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. One of the least expensive ways to minimize this gap is by biological carbon sequestration in plants. Ecosystems of forests are the most significant carbon sinks among terrestrial ecosystems and have long-term sustainable impacts on limiting climate change. Sacred groves are known as the small patches of conserved forests protected by man


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Terrestrial Orchid Diversity in Sagara Taluk of Shimogga District Central Western Ghats Region of Karnataka

By: Soumya Mahabaleshwar Hegde , K Krishnaswamy

Page No : 67-74

The current article evaluates the study of terrestrial orchids in Sagara taluk of Shimogga district, reports total 26 terrestrial orchid species in Sagara taluk region Shimogga district Karnataka from the period of January 2019-January 2022 and provides information on their distribution, phenology aspects and biological status in the district. Extensive field surveys were carried out periodically in different part of the taluk particularly in grasslands and hilly region to study the diversity and phenological character of the plant. It was noticed that, when compared to other species, the Habenaria species is richly distributed in Sagara taluk regions. During field visits also noticed some anthropogenic activities highly effects on the diversity of the terrestrial orchids. The further study has to be carried out to get more information related to diversity and current status of terrestrial orchid species in Sagara taluk region of Shimogga district Karnataka.

Authors :
Soumya Mahabaleshwar Hegde


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Changes in Floral Diversity due to Livelihood Pressures in the Eco-sensitive Zone of Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Ri Bhoi District of Meghalaya

By: Thoudam James Singh , Subhasish Das Gupta

Page No : 75-82

The challenges in the management of diverse flora impacted by anthropogenic factors in areas governed by different land tenure systems are enormous notwithstanding lying in a classified biodiversity hot spot region in Meghalaya in North- east India. The attributes of the plant population in protected areas like Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary (NWLS), Nongkhyllem Forest (NRF), and District Council governed Eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) were studied using Important Value Index (IVI), Shannon


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Curculigo Species: A Wide Spectrum Research Review

By: Pratibha Chaturvedi , Vinita Srivastava

Page No : 83-93

Tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas are rich with Curculigo species belongs to family Hypoxidaceae. There are six species are reported of Curculigo, out of which, Curculigo orchioides (Gaertn.), is the most popular medicinally used species and commonly known as


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Anatomy of Pedilanthus tithymaloides with Special Reference to Laticifers

By: Ashwani Kumar , Anshu Rani

Page No : 95-103

Plant latex is a sap that is exuded from damaged vein. It is kept in a tissue specialized in exuding latex called laticifer and is kept inside laticifer cells. It works as an efficient defence system against herbivorous insects. Laticifer is a general term applied to a large and heterogenous group of cell types. In Pedilanthus tithymaloides the laticifers are an elongated; anastomosing network of cells which are non-articulated branched and are commonly located in the outer part of the vascular cylinder. Laticifers extend throughout the length of the plants.

Authors :
Anshu Rani :
Professor, Department of Botany, SMCC Government College, Abu Road, Rajasthan, India.
Ashwani Kumar


Price: 251

Variations in Pyrrosia heterophylla (L.) Price Accessions and Evidence for the Occurrence of a New Pyrrosia Species in Kerala, South India

By: Ashitha Alenson , Sruthy Krishnan G , Laija S Nair , Mahesh S

Page No : 105-113

Pyrrosia belonging to Polypodiaceae, commonly known as felt ferns is characterized by its simple leaves and the presence of stellate hairs in the frond. Despite the great range of variability within the species, accessions of P. heterophylla (L.) Price from Kerala have not been extensively examined. The present study aims at the morpho-anatomical comparison of accessions. The samples were collected and variable characters such as habitats, shape, colour, thickness, width, length of sterile fronds, length, width and spore arrangement of fertile fronds, scales and the internal structure of the rhizome, stipe, and lamina of 20 accessions were examined and photographed using Carl Zeiss photomicroscope. Observations of the epidermis, including stomata and stellate hairs, were also made. Coded binary states of characters were used for developing a data matrix, which was further analysed. Cluster analysis using the UPGMA method were done from which a dendrogram was constructed which represents the taxonomic relationships among the species. In terms of the morphology and anatomy of the plant parts, three of the 20 accessions differed from P. heterophylla (L.) Price.

Authors :
Ashitha Alenson, Sruthy Krishnan and Laija S Nair

Postgraduate and Research Department of Botany, University College, Thiruvananthapuram, Affiliated to the University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Mahesh S :


Price: 251

Ethno-medicinal Survey on Herbaceous Plant Resources of Cachar District of Assam, India

By: Mukul Kumar Baruah

Page No : 115-125

An ethno-medicinal survey was carried out to collect information and its documentation of the folk knowledge and diversity of uses of ethno-medicinal herbaceous plants from the tribal and rural inhabitants of the Cachar district of Assam during the period of 2018


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Traditional Medicolore in Dhadgaon Tehsil of Nandurbar District (Maharashtra: India)

By: Dhale D. A.

Page No : 127-135

The Dhadgaon tehsil is predominantly tribal area. The tehsil is studded with various tribes viz., Bhil, Pawara, Dhanaka, etc. They have their way of life, dialect and beliefs. Their mediclore is traditional. They have experimented by trials and errors to develop traditional plant knowledge, which they pass down verbally generations. Information on native medicinal uses was obtained through direct field interviews with traditional healers, elder tribal men and women, heads of villages and hamlets. The importance of plant-based medicines and the application of traditional knowledge, skills, customs, and practices related to primary healthcare among tribal and rural is presented in this report, which includes 50 plants pertain to 49 genera and 32 angiospermic families. Recipes such as fresh juice, decoction, infusion, paste, powder, oil, and other recipes are utilized. They employs, various plant parts such as roots, stems, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, and tubers, as well as latex.

Author :
Dhale D. A. :
PG-Department of Botany, S.S.V.P.S.


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Comparative Pharmacognostic Screening of Tribulus terrestris and Tribulus subramanyamii

By: Dhale D. A. , Snehal N. Dhawale

Page No : 137-144

The genus Tribulus belongs to the family Zygophyllaceae comprises approximately 25 species that grow as prostrate. This study will collect Tribulus terrestris L. and Tribulus subramanyamii P. Singh, G.S. Giri & V. Singh. and analyzed for their macroscopic, microscopic and phytochemical properties. Selected plant species were collected from three geographical locations in Maharashtra State, India. To confirm the quality and authenticity of plants, standard pharmacognostic procedures described in standard reference books were used to conduct a comparative analysis of Tribulus sps. The current study examines pharmacognostic studies on its numerous parts, such as the stem, leaf, flower and fruit. The study shows the presence of unicellular trichomes on leaf section are substantially less denser in T. subramanyamii than T. terrestris. In numerous tests for qualitative analysis of distinct Tribulus sps. phytochemical substances such as alkaloids, starch, carbohydrates, tannin, saponins, glycosides, phenol, flavonoids, and proteins were found to be present.

Authors :


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Ethnomedicinal Assets of Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens Roxb. DC. and Stereospermum colais Buch. -Ham.ex Dillw.) - A Review

By: Vishwatej V. Parkhi

Page No : 145-162

From the family Bignoniaceae, Stereospermum suaveolens (Roxb.) DC. and Stereospermum colais (Buch.- Ham.ex Dillw.) are source plants for the classical ayurvedic drug named


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Orchid Diversity in Community Managed Subtropical Forests in Khasi Hills of Meghalaya, Northeast India

By: Rajib Borah , Hiranjit Choudhury , Aabid Hussain Mir , Khrote-u Lasushe , Gunjana Chaudhury , Nellie V. Kharbuli , Krishna Upadhaya , Chaya Deori

Page No : 163-175

The present study was carried out to investigate the orchid diversity in community managed subtropical broad-leaved forests in Khasi Hills of Meghalaya. A total of 87 community forests were surveyed in Khasi Hills. The study revealed the presence of 123 species belonging to 54 genera. The highest numbers of species (66) were recorded in sacred forests, followed by reserved (51) and village (32) forests. Majority of the recorded species (87) were epiphytic and 36 were terrestrial. Of all the species, 28 (22.76%) were recorded as endemic and 12 (9.76%) were rare. Dendrobium with 19 species was the dominant genera followed by Coelogyne with 11 species. Owing to a number of anthropogenic disturbances followed by habitat loss, these species are subjected to continuous threat, hence warrants immediate conservation actions. Therefore, it is suggested that mass propagation, through conventional and tissue culture techniques should be adopted to conserve the dwindling orchid diversity of the state.

Authors :
Aabid Hussain Mir,


Price: 251

Phytochemical Analysis of Dried Moringa oleifera Leaf Powder

By: Sakshi Pathak , Bharti Jain

Page No : 177-184

Moringa oleifera is a bio-diversified plant found in many countries of the world specifically tropical and subtropical areas. The leaves of M. oleifera are enormous source of various nutrients and bioactive compounds. These bioactive compounds are secondary metabolites called phytochemicals. The presence of phytochemicals in M. oleifera leaves contributes to its medicinal and therapeutic properties. The present study was carried out with the objective to analyse the content of certain phytochemicals i.e. total phenol content, flavonoids, tanins, saponins, and alkaloids in dried M. oleifera leaves. The analysis was done on the extract of four different dried M. oleifera leaf samples using appropriate methods. It was found that the average content of various phytochemicals in per 100 gm of all four samples was 4.70


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Evaluation of Adulteration, Caffeine Content, and Antioxidant Activity in Different Black Tea Brands

By: Babita Rana , Sakshi V Ghatge

Page No : 185-190



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Evaluation of Peroxidases from Various Medicinal Plants

By: Gopa Sarma

Page No : 191-198

Peroxidases is an enzyme which is used in various biotechnological techniques. They are found in all plants and utilize either H2 O2 or O2 to oxidise wide variety of molecules. Considering various important uses of peroxidase, the present study deals with the evaluation of peroxidase in few selected medicinal plants like; Clitoria ternate, Brassica oleracea and Physalis minima. Effect of pH and temperature on the kinetics of the enzyme was also studied.

Author :
Gopa Sarma :
Department of Botany, Guru Nanak Khalsa College of Arts Science and Commerce, Mumbai, India.


Price: 251

Correlation Between Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Activities of Different Leaf Extracts of Entada rheedi

By: Lekshmy R. Nair , M. Balasubrahmanian

Page No : 199-208

The main aim of this study was to determine Total Phenolic Content, Total Flavonoid Content, terpenoid content, steroid content and analyze the antioxidant activity of different leaf extracts of Entada rheedii. Correlation between antioxidant activities and total phenolic content, total flavonoids content, terpenoid content and steroid content were also analyzed. The total phenolic content in E. rheedii hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and aqueous leaf extracts were found to be 10.16 mg GAE/g, 24.73 mg GAE/g, 26.11 mg GAE/g, and 24.85 mg GAE/g sample dry weight respectively. The Total flavonoid content of E. rheedii hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol, and aqueous leaf extracts was found to be 8.433 mg QE/g, 8.730 mg QE/g, 8.607 mg QE/g, and 8.545 mg QE/g respectively. Hexane extract showed the highest steroid content at 32.75 g/mL, followed by ethyl acetate extract at 31.37 g/mL. The methanol extract and aqueous extract had the lowest steroid content at 22.2 g/mL and 21.21 g/mL, respectively. Terpenoid content was the highest in hexane extract with 62 mg/100 mg of dry extract, followed by the ethyl acetate extract with 45 mg/100 mg dry extract. The total content of terpenoids in the methanol extract was 25 mg/100 mg dry extract and the total content of terpenoids was lowest in the aqueous extract with 18 mg/100 mg dry extract. In 1-1-diphenyl2-picryl hydrazine Free Radical Scavenging (DPPH) Assay, the methanol extract displayed the highest antioxidant activity with an IC50 value of 173.581


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Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Trigonella foenum-graecum: A Study with Reference to Drug Discovery

By: Meesala Guru Sekhar , Kondeti Ramudu Shanmugam , Kanchi Siva Prasad

Page No : 209-214

Trigonella foenum-graecum (TG) is one of the important medicinal plant which have antioxidant, antidiabetic, antilipidemic and antimicrobial properties. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the free radical scavenging properties, the total phenolic, total flavonoid content and phytochemical screening of Trigonella foenum-graecum. The antioxidant activities like 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl activity, hydrogen peroxide, superoxide and reducing power activities are investigated in the methanolic extract and aqueous extract of TG. Results of this study showed that TG possess good free radical scavenging activity in methanolic extract than aqueous extract. Significant levels of phenolic and flavonoid contents were found in TG. The phytochemicals like alkaloids, tannins, phenolic compounds etc. are present in methanolic extract and aqueous extract of TG. Our investigation indicates that free radical scavenging activities, phenolic and flavonoid compounds in TG may play an important role in reducing the oxidative stress in diseases like diabetes, cancer and heart attack.

Authors :
Meesala Guru Sekhar :


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Foliar Sprays of Salicylic Acid Induce Diosgenin Synthesis in The Leaves of Hellenia Speciosa (J. Koenig) S.R. Dutta

By: Aswindas T.P , Satheesh George

Page No : 215-223

hellenia speciosa (J. Koenig) s.r. dutta, commonly known as spiral ginger, is a potent medicinal plant in the family Costaceae. it has a wide range of applications in traditional and modern medicine with many active ingredients. diosgenin is a steroidal sapogenin obtained from h. speciosa. it is commercially used as an important raw material for the synthesis of steroidal drugs. Foliar sprays of salicylic acid (sa) were used to study the induction of diosgenin synthesis in the leaves of h. speciosa. three different concentrations, 1mM, 5mM, and 9mM, were applied on plants grown in shade net houses. after 60 days of weekly sa application, plants were harvested along with rhizome, dried, and extracted in methanol using the soxhlet apparatus. acid hydrolysis was performed to obtain diosgenin in the extract. the highPressure thin layer Chromatography (hPtlC) technique was used to detect the presence of diosgenin in the methanolic extract of leaves. elicitation of diosgenin synthesis was evident in all three extracts obtained from salicylic acid-treated plants. diosgenin was obtained at an rf maximum of 0.58-0.59. the amount of diosgenin was quantified with chromatographic techniques. the maximum quantity of diosgenin was present in the extract treated with 9mM sa. this experiment highlights the effect of stress signals on selected secondary metabolites.

Authors :
Aswindas T.P and Satheesh George

Research Fellow, Department of Botany, St. Joseph


Price: 251

Preliminary Phytochemical Screening, Quantification of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Potential of Achyranthes aspera L. Leaf Powder

By: Poornima Harikatha , Lakshmi Devi Kodidhela , Jaykumar J. Chavan

Page No : 225-231

Plant extracts have been used since ages for the treatment of various ailments in India and their market is growing globally as well. Achyranthes aspera is one such promising plant with known medicinal properties. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical screening is necessary to evaluate the therapeutic and antioxidant properties of the medicinal plants. In the present study, we evaluated the bioactive chemical constituents and their in vitro antioxidant potential of A. aspera leaf extract in different solvents. The soxhlets of A. aspera leaf powder in different solvents


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Analysis and Characterization of Phytochemical Compounds Present in Methanolic Extract of Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser Bark

By: Swati Shikha , Anil Kumar

Page No : 233-237

Plants have been used as medicines throughout history due to the presence of therapeutic and healing properties. These medicinal properties of plants lies in phytochemicals present in them. Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser is commonly found ethnomedicinal tree in India and is well known for its therapeutic properties. The present study reports the phytochemical investigation of bark of Neolamarckia cadamba. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is used for the identification and analysis of phytochemicals compounds. Twenty-three major phytochemical compounds were identified in methanolic extract of bark of Neolamarckia cadamba. Some of those were Tetradecanoic acid, n-Hexadecanoic acid, gamma-Sitosterol, Hexadecanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl) ethyl ester, Octadecanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester, Oleic Acid, 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)- and 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural while others were present in comparatively small amount. Identified phytochemicals reported to have numerous pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticancerous, antioxidant, anti-hepatotoxic and anti-parasitic. These biological activities show and acknowledge Neolamarckia cadamba as a medicinally important tree.

Authors :
Swati Shikha :
Research scholar, University Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.
Anil Kumar : Associate Professor, University Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India.


Price: 251

Effects of Urea Coated Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles on Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Antioxidants on Varieties of Brassica juncea L.

By: Alka Walia , Dheera Sanadhya

Page No : 239-248

In the present investigation, urea coated hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (UHANPs) were synthesized, and characterized by using X-ray diffraction, FESEM, and FTIR techniques. Then, their effects at different concentrations (250 ppm, 500 ppm, 750 ppm, 1000 ppm) were observed for various enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants of two varieties of Brassica juncea L. i.e. GIRIRAJ, and NRCBH101. Those were also weighup with control plants and plants grown in treatments with the same concentrations of urea. Results revealed that synthesized nanoparticles were 23-32 nm in size, and for all the parameters, the antioxidants like NPT, Polychelatins were found to the higher at treatment with 1000 ppm of Urea when compared to others while minimum concentration of these with UHANP (500 ppm). However, SOD increases with higher concentration of UHANPs and urea while other enzymatic antioxidants like APX and catalase declines. However, SOD declined with higher concentration of urea. All the results were statistically compared.

Authors :
Alka Walia and Dheera Sanadhya

School of Life Sciences, Jaipur National University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.


Price: 251

Citrus Fruit Peels: From Waste to Worth

By: Nidhi Parmar , V. H.Patel , Viraj Roghelia

Page No : 249-256

Citrus fruits are most commonly consumed fruits. However, the peels of these fruits yield a huge waste. The peels also contain important phytoconstituents. This study aimed to investigate the antioxidant properties of peels of two selected citrus fruits (sweet lime and lemon). The peels were extracted using four solvents namely methanol, ethanol, acetone and distilled water. The extracts were analysed for total phenolic content, flavonoid content, DPPH radical scavenging activity and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). The result revealed that highest antioxidant profile was found for methanol extract of both sweet lime peel and lemon peel as compared to other extracts. The extracts of peels of sweet lime possessed higher total phenol, flavonoid and FRAP. The antioxidant capacity in terms of DPPH RSA and FRAP were attributed mainly to total phenolics as compared to flavonoids for both the peels. The higher antioxidant potential of peels of selected citrus fruits make them key ingredient for the development of functional foods and other supplementary products.

Authors :
Nidhi Parmar, V. H.Patel and Viraj Roghelia

P. G. Department of Home Science, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India.


Price: 251

Phytotoxic Effect of Heavy Metals on Growth Parameters of Mung Bean Seeds (Vigna radiata)

By: Asha Rani

Page No : 257-269

In this investigation, effect of heavy metals present in city waste water on mung bean seeds was studied. The effluent significantly inhibited the germination, shoot and root length. The increase concentration of different heavy metals present in city waste water reduces the germination percentage, shoot length and root length of the seedlings. Reduction in all these parameters affects the other observed biochemical parameters i.e. chlorophyll content and nitrogen content.



Price: 251

Semi-automatic Vegetable Transplanters: A Review

By: Sandip M. Nage , S. M. Mathur , S. S. Meena , Naveen Kumar C , Virendra Singh , Sunil Joshi

Page No : 271-284

The objective of this study was to review the research and development in semi-automatic vegetable transplanters. Discuss the various semi-automatic vegetable transplanters on the basis of metering mechanism, power source, plant spacing, number of rows, field capacity, field efficiency, etc. On the basis of review, it is observed that the transplanting rate, field capacity and field efficiency is better than handheld and traditional method of vegetable transplanting. It maintains the row to row and plant to plant distance and planting depth which helps in after transplanting mechanical practices on the farm. It is effective to increase the production as well as quality of the produce. Also, it saves a lot of time and money.

Authors :
Sandip M. Nage, S. M. Mathur and S. S. Meena

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, College of Technology and Engineering, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur (Rajasthan), India.

Virendra Singh :


Price: 251

Instruction to the Author

Article Submission Guidelines for The Journal of Plant Science Research

A UGC-Care Approval Group 1 Journal (Serial No:389)
Current Volume- Vol 38 No. 2, 2022
Guidelines for the Authors

The Journal of Plant Science Research (JPSR) publishes research in all fields of plant sciences including basic and applied plant biology (botany). It covers all aspects of plant, algal, and cyanobacterial physiology, molecular biology, and biotechnology. In view of the current and future global changes, research related to environmental sciences, and ways to increase photosynthesis (and plant productivity) are encouraged.

Types of Paper
JPSR publishes original articles; Reviews; Educational Perspectives (including History & Biography); and Letters to the Editors. All papers must be accompanied by Abstracts: 150 words or less for the Letters, and 250 words or less for all other categories. All papers must be accompanied by 5-10 keywords.

Original Article
The length of the text must be less than 3,000 words excluding tables and figure legends. The total number of tables and figures must be 8 or less; and, references must be within 40.

The length of the text must be less than 6,000 words including tables and figure legends.
The total number of tables and figures must be 12 or less; and, references must be within 60.

Educational Perspective (including History & Biography)
The length of the text must be less than 2,000 words including tables and figure legends.
The total number of tables and figures must be or less than 6; and, references must be within 20.

Letter to the Editor
The length must not exceed 600 words including tables and figure legends. Comments to recently published articles in the Journal or author's response to such comment.

References Style Guide
All references must be cited as described below; authors are requested to check that all references in the text match those in the Reference section and vice versa.
In the text, cite author

Our publication ethics and malpractice statement is based on the guidelines for journal editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics(COPE).

Manuscripts submitted to the journal are evaluated on the basis of their scientific content. Measures are adopted to uphold the standards of publication ethics and to avoid malpractices. We endure so that the submitted papers to this Journal and their work is original and unpublished and is not submitted for publication elsewhere. In addition, authors certify that their research paper is their own original work, that is neither copied or plagiarized, partly or whole from other works and used then the works of others is appropriately cited or quoted.

Duties / Responsibilities of Editors
The Editorial Team comprising the Editorial Board and the Editorial Staff with the Publisher is responsible for taking a decision as to which of the articles submitted to the journal are to be published. The Editors have complete discretion to reject/accept an article. The Editorial Team may confer/deliberate with other reviewers/editors in arriving at its decisions. The evaluation of manuscripts is made on the basis of their scholarly and intellectual content without having regard to the nature of the authors or the institution including gender, race, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The journal follows a policy of fair play in its editorial evaluation. The editors are expected to exercise caution and ensure that they have no conflict of interest with respect to the articles they accept/reject. The editors and the editorial staff follow strict confidentiality and are required not to disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to any one other than the corresponding author, reviewers and the publisher. Authors are encouraged to correct the errors which are found during the process of review while preserving the anonymity of the reviewers.

Duties / Responsibilities of Reviewers
Editorial decisions are based on peer review. The reviewers are expected to maintain absolute confidentiality with regard to the contents of manuscripts. The reviews are to be conducted objectively and the referees are expected to express their views clearly with supporting reasons. The reviewers should have no conflict of interest with the authors and the subject matter of the research. The reviewers are required to identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any observation or argument which has been previously reported should also be accompanied along with the relevant citation. Similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under review and any other published paper of which the reviewer may have personal knowledge, may also be brought to the attention of the editors. The information or ideas obtained through peer review are of a privileged nature and must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative or other relationships with any of the authors or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties/Responsibilities of the Authors
Authors must present accurate original research work followed by objective discussion bringing out significance. The paper should bring out details of the available literature and references. Further all the authors must have significantly contributed to the research. Inaccurate statement constitutes unethical behavior and is unacceptable. Authors must ensure that the submitted work is original and has not been published elsewhere, and if the authors have used the work of others the same has been appropriately cited or quoted. Authors must follow Applicable copyright laws and conventions. Permission must be sought for Copyright materials and reproduced only with permission and acknowledgement of source . Authors must ensure that submitted articles are not sent out to other journal. Submitting the same Ms to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical practice and is not acceptable. Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be made. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the paper which is submitted for publication. Other persons who have contributed in certain substantive aspects in the development of the paper should be acknowledged. The corresponding author must endure that all co-authors are included in the paper, and that the latter have seen and approved the final version of the paper before submission for publication. All sources of financial support should also be stated. Upon discovery of any significant error in the published work, it is the responsibility of the authors to promptly notify the editors and cooperate in the retraction or correction of the paper.

Peer Review Policy
The practice of peer review is to ensure that only good science is published. It is an objective process at the heart of good scholarly publishing and is carried out by all reputable scientific journals. Our reviewers therefore play a vital role in maintaining the high standards of the and all manuscripts are peer reviewed following the procedure outlined below.

Initial manuscript evaluation
The Editors first evaluate all manuscripts. In some circumstances it is entirely feasible for an exceptional manuscript to be accepted at this stage. Those rejected at this stage are insufficiently original, have serious scientific flaws, have poor grammar or English language, or are outside the aims and scope of the journal. Those that meet the minimum criteria are passed on to experts for review.

Authors of manuscripts rejected at this stage will be informed within 2 weeks of receipt.

Type of Peer Review
The single blind review, where the reviewer remains anonymous to the authors throughout the process.
Each MS is reviewed by 3 independent reviewers

How the reviewer is selected
Reviewers are matched to the paper according to their expertise. Our reviewer database contains reviewer contact details together with their subject areas of interest, and this is constantly being updated.

Reviewer reports
Reviewers are asked to evaluate whether the manuscript:

Is original
Is methodologically sound
Follows appropriate ethical guidelines
Has results which are clearly presented and support the conclusions
Correctly references previous relevant work
Reviewers are not expected to correct or copy edit manuscripts. Language correction is not part of the peer review process. Reviewers are requested to refrain from giving their personal opinion in the "Reviewer blind comments to Author" section of their review on whether or not the paper should be published. Personal opinions can be expressed in the "Reviewer confidential comments to Editor" section.

How long does the peer review process take?
Typically the manuscript will be reviewed within 2-8 weeks. Should the reviewers' reports contradict one another or a report is unnecessarily delayed a further expert opinion will be sought. Revised manuscripts are usually returned to the Editors within 3 weeks and the Editors may request further advice from the reviewers at this time. The Editors may request more than one revision of a manuscript.

Final report
A final decision to accept or reject the manuscript will be sent to the author along with any recommendations made by the reviewers, and may include verbatim comments by the reviewers.

Editor's Decision is final
Reviewers advise the Editors, who are responsible for the final decision to accept or reject the article. The decision of the editor in chief is final

Special Issues / Conference Proceedings
Special issues and/or conference proceedings may have different peer review procedures involving, for example, Guest Editors, conference organisers or scientific committees. Authors contributing to these projects may receive full details of the peer review process on request from the editorial office.

Becoming a Reviewer for the Journal
If you are not currently a reviewer for the journal but would like to be considered as a reviewer for this Journal, please contact the editorial office and provide your contact details. If your request is approved and you are added to the online reviewer database you will receive a confirmatory email, asking you to add details on your field of expertise, in the format of subject classifications.

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